Elements of the critique
Summary of the article (Discuss what the article is about)
What question is the researcher trying to answer?
How did the researcher study the topic? Survey? Experiment? Statistical Analysis? Briefly answer who, what, where, and when, and how.
What does the author conclude? What recommendations does he make?
This section should not be very long, one page at most. Remember that the primary purpose of the critique is not to summarize the paper, but rather, to give an assessment of how well the research was conducted.
In-depth critique of the article (Discuss how well the research is conducted)
Write a brief paragraph for each of the following listed elements:
Is the research problem clearly stated? Is it easy to determine what the researcher intends to research?
Is the review logically organized? Does it offer a balanced critical analysis of the literature? Is the majority of the literature of recent origin? Is it empirical in nature?
Has a research question or hypothesis been identified? Is it clearly stated? Is it consistent with discussion in the literature review?
Ethical Standards Applied
Were the participants fully informed about the nature of the research? Was confidentiality guaranteed? Were participants protected from harm?
Are all terms, theories, and concepts used in the study clearly defined?
Is the research design clearly identified? Has the data gathering instrument been described? Is the instrument appropriate? How was it developed? Were reliability and validity testing undertaken and the results discussed? Was a pilot study undertaken?
What type of data and statistical analysis was undertaken? Was it appropriate? How many of the sample participated? Significance of the findings?
Are the findings linked back to the literature review? If a hypothesis was identified was it supported? Were the strengths and limitations of the study including generalizability discussed? Was a recommendation for further research made?
Were all the books, journals and other media alluded to in the study accurately referenced?
Considering all of the evaluation categories, is the article well or poorly researched?