This assignment will build upon several assumptions. You are a new command level officer in a mid-sized local police agency, Soma-Pseudo City Police Department (Pseudonym) brought on board by a new Chief of Police. You and the Chief previously worked at another very innovative police agency. The Chief of Police was hired by Soma City upon the dismissal of the previous chief, Jeffrey Cox. It seems as though morale was low throughout the department and that much of the low morale was associated with leadership failure and leadership deficiencies. The Chief knows you are taking CJUS 730 – Advanced Criminal Justice Leadership for class and wants to rely upon your expertise to create a dynamic leadership training program for Soma City Police Department. The program may be a holistic program that incorporates broad based – broad audience leadership training (every leader in the department) or your program may address one specific audience within the department. The Chief wants the program grounded in solid research that you have learned in your class. The Chief said you may use the research paper in class as your proposal to the chief. The Chief realizes that your proposal will look like an APA academic paper with numerous references and that is okay.
Prepare an academically rigorous research paper grounded as a leadership training and development program for Soma City Police Department. The paper should have definitive links to solid leadership research, be relevant to police agency leadership training, and be usable as a leadership training and development proposal. Do not submit a reiteration of the IACP Leadership in Police Organizations training or the associated West Point Leadership training programs – most of your professors are well familiar with these programs.
Your research paper should be a minimum of 15 to 18 pages. The project must use current APA style, and the page count does not include the title page, abstract, reference section, or any extra material. You must incorporate a Christian Worldview section in your paper. You must use a minimum of 15–20 recent, relevant, and academic (peer review journals preferred and professional journal allowed if used judiciously) sources with at least 1 source being the Holy Bible and no more than 4 books. You may use .gov sources as long as the writing is academic in nature (authored works). This paper must reflect graduate level research and writing style.
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You may use the Soma Police Department Annual Report 2017 Case Study document to help design your program(s) if you wish.
2017 ANNUAL REPORT
This report provides information related to Soma-Pseudo Police Department, a fictional agency, operational activities during calendar year 2017. During 2017, the SPD operated with 140 officers. The authorized staffing is 173 sworn police officers and 35 non-sworn personnel. Soma-Pseudo is 50 square miles and an estimated permanent residential population of 77,874. In that Soma-Pseudo serves as the hub of a new regional technology initiative. Additionally Soma-Pseudo has five institutions of higher learning and the City’s estimated daily work/school/recreational population grows to 110,000 or more.
Although Soma-Pseudo has received pressure from city administrators to become CALEA accredited, Soma-Pseudo PD has not sought CALEA accreditation.
Soma-Pseudo Police Department thinks of itself as a community policing organization. In this approach, Police Department employees work collaboratively with residents and other community partners toward attaining a common goal: a safe and vibrant community environment for everyone to enjoy. SPD’s community policing success is built upon having the right people in place: people who can overcome challenges; people who can effectively communicate and collaborate; people who can make and seize opportunities for positive achievement. This is the reason that maintaining a dedicated, engaged and experienced workforce must always remain is a SPD priority.
Once again, I want to thank the men and women who are the Soma-Pseudo Police Department for the hard work, the commitment and the creativity they bring to bear in providing effective public safety services within our diverse and growing community. I also want to thank those community members whom the SPD has found willing, ready and able to involve themselves in being part of the solution to community problems. All segments of our community working together is the dynamic that makes Soma-Pseudo a great place to live, work and visit.
May 15, 2017 Jeffery Cox, Chief of Police
SPD 2017 Annual Report
Mission, Vision, Values and Goals
The Mission of SPD is To Protect and Serve
SPD will Protect and Serve the Community
Crime in Soma-Pseudo – 2017
One of the hallmarks that most governments and citizens and many prospective residents look to in evaluating a community is crime and the perception of crime among residents. The Soma-Pseudo Police Department recognizes that crime control is one of our critical missions.
However, it is important to make the distinction between the totality of crime and the subset of crimes that are reported, and are therefore become known to the police. Although there are many factors that influence the reporting of crime, it is generally accepted that only a modest percentage of crime is ever reported to the police. The law enforcement community’s primary objective with regards to the collection and analysis of crime data is to provide a reliable set of crime statistics for criminal justice and law enforcement administration, operation and management, as well as providing an objective measurement and indication of the overall level of crime.
Historically, the causes and origins of crime have been the subject of investigation and research by many varied disciplines. Factors that are known to affect the volume and type of crime occurring include, but are not limited to, the following:
· Population density and degree of urbanization
· Variations in composition of the population, particularly youth concentration
· Stability of population with respect to residents’ mobility, commuting patterns, and transient factors
· Modes of transportation and highway system
· Economic conditions, including median income, poverty level, and job availability
· Cultural factors and educational, recreational, and religious characteristics
· Family conditions with respect to divorce and family cohesiveness
· Climate and weather
· Effective strength of law enforcement agencies
· Administrative and investigative emphases of law enforcement
· Policies of other components of the criminal justice system (i.e., prosecutorial, judicial, corrections, and probation).
· Citizens’ attitudes toward crime
· Crime reporting practices of the citizenry
In 2000, the majority of law enforcement organizations throughout the nation including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the State Police, and the Soma-Pseudo Police Department, switched from the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) system to the Incident Based Reporting (IBR) system. The IBR system utilizes 22 “Group A” offenses — involving 46 individual offense sub-categories – as the basis for calculating jurisdictional crime rates. Under the IBR system, all offenses are counted for each incident so that criminal justice agencies can more effectively and realistically track and document criminal incidents and violations.
The following chart outlines criminal offenses as defined by IBR reporting standards:
IBR “Group A” Offenses
IBR “Group B” Offenses:
Burglary/Breaking and Entering
4 Driving Under The Influence
Property Damage / Vandalism
6 Family Offenses, Non-violent
Liquor Law Violations
10 Fraud Offenses
10 Trespass of Real Property
11 Gambling Offenses
11 All Other Offenses
12 Homicide Offenses
The number of Group A Offenses occurring in a jurisdiction determines that jurisdiction’s overall crime rate.
Only those Group B Offenses that are cleared by an arrest are reported under the IBR system.
14 Larceny/Theft Offenses
15 Motor Vehicle Theft
16 Pornography/Obscene Material
17 Prostitution Offenses
19 Sex Offenses, Forcible
20 Sex Offenses, Non-Forcible
21 Stolen Property Offenses
22 Weapon Law Violations
SPD “Group A” Criminal Offenses Highlights 2012 – 2017
There were a total of 6,057 “Group A” offenses reported in 2012, 5,700 “Group A” offenses in 2013, 4,950 “Group A” offenses in 2014, 5,000 “Group A” offenses in 2015, 6,100 “Group A” offenses in 2016, and 6,350 “Group A” offenses in 2017.
Violent Crime 2012 – 2017
There were a total of 1,600 violent crimes reported in 2012, 1,400 violent crimes reported in 2013, 1,410 violent crimes reported in 2014, 1,570 violent crimes reported in 2015, 1,700 violent crimes reported in 2016, and 1,780 violent crimes reported in 2017.
Property Crime 2012 – 2017
(Arson, Burglary, All Larceny, Stolen Vehicles)
There were 850 property crimes reported in 2012, 625 property crimes reported in 2013, 550 property crimes reported in 2014, 625 property crimes reported in 2015, 690 property crimes reported in 2016, and 755 property crimes reported in 2017. Unlike many communities in America, Soma-Pseudo has significantly more violent crime than property crimes.
Drug Crime 2012 – 2017
There were 740 drug crimes reported in 2012, 775 drug crimes reported in 2013, 860 drug crimes reported in 2014, 945 drug crimes reported in 2015, 1010 drug crimes reported in 2016, and 1025 drug crimes reported in 2017. A component of reported drugs crimes is the proactive arrests of officers. When officers make numerous drug arrests the rate of drug crimes seems to go up.
Locality Crime Rate Comparison
The national Incident-Based Reporting (IBR) System defines a locality’s “crime rate” as the number of Group A offenses occurring per 100,000 population. This formula allows for crime rate comparison among localities with varying populations. For purposes of Soma PD, the actual number of crimes are shown.
The most recent Crime in the State publication from the Department of State Police reports the following (calendar 2013) crime rates for regional localities:
Soma-Pseudo 7,298.12 (population 77,376) ^
Chaulkville 7,024.43 (population 46,623) ^
Demonstration 6,902.34 (population 43,912) ^
Belkmont 5,500.76 (population 98,913) ^
Soma-Pseudo reasonably compares to other regional communities, both larger and smaller in relative population. Soma-Pseudo continues to be a safe and vibrant community, thanks to the collaborative efforts of the SPD and our many community partners – individuals, businesses, neighborhoods and other agencies.
^ Locality population figures provided by the State Police
Annual Arrests by SPD
Calls for Service
A “Call for Service” (CFS) is defined as any incident in which police officer response or intervention is either requested by a complainant or initiated by an officer. CFS include criminal and non-criminal matters. 2017 CFS average: 103 calls/incidents per day.
Criminal Case Clearance Rate by SPD
SPD 2017 Annual Report
These numbers include the number of reportable accidents handled by SPD officers during 2017. Accidents must include an injury or $1,500 in combined property damage to be reportable.
Number of Accidents
Number of Pedestrian Accidents
Number of Injury Accidents
Number of Injuries
Number of Fatality Accidents
Number of Fatalities
Total Estimated Property Damage
SPD officers issued 9,979 citations for traffic violations during 2017. The following table charts SPD’s top 10 traffic enforcement offense categories for the year.
Citations Issued in 2017
EXPIRED STATE REGISTRATION
EXPIRED / NO STATE INSPECTION
DRIVING UNDER REVO/SUSPENSION
SEAT BELT VIOLATION
FAIL TO OBEY HIGHWAY SIGN
FOLLOWING TOO CLOSELY
FAIL TO YIELD RIGHT OF WAY
Complaints made against SPD employees are classified into two general types: 1) allegations of inappropriate employee performance or demeanor, or 2) allegations of employee misconduct — to include misuse of force, employee violation of law or significant violation of policy. All allegations of misconduct, inappropriate performance or demeanor are thoroughly investigated and documented by supervisory staff members.
Forty-Six allegations of misconduct were filed against SPD employees during 2017. In comparison, 34 allegations of employee misconduct were filed during 2016, 22 during 2015, 26 during 2014, and 20 during 2013.
Investigative findings related to 2017 allegations of misconduct were as follows:
23 allegations were determined to be “sustained” (50% of total allegations)
10 allegation was determined to be “non-sustained” (21% of total allegations)
13 allegations were determined to be “unfounded” (28% of total allegations)
Thirty-eight performance or demeanor complaints were filed against SPD employees during 2017. In comparison, 31 performance or demeanor complaints were filed during 2016, 18 during 2015, and 26 during 2014.
Investigative findings related to 20147allegations of inappropriate employee performance or demeanor was as follows:
18 complaints were determined to be “sustained” (47% of total allegations)
8 complaints were determined to be “non-sustained” (21% of total allegations)
3 complaints were determined to be “exonerated” (8% of total allegations)
8 complaints were determined to be “unfounded” (21% of total allegations)
1 complaint was withdrawn by the reporting person (3% of total allegations).
The Soma-Pseudo Police Department annual operational budget is one component of City of Soma’s annual General Fund budget. The City and SPD fiscal year extends from July 1 through June 30. The SPD’s operational budget is comprised of two component budgets – Police Operations and Firing Range Operations.
The SPD amended budget for FY2017 (the current fiscal year) is $15,536,685. Of that total, $13,377,868 is committed to personnel costs for salaries and benefits; the remaining $2,158,817 covers all other operational costs. Personnel costs constitute approximately 86% of the SPD’s FY17 budget.
Use of Force Review*
Among the most complex of a law enforcement officer’s duties is the responsibility to use force under law if and when required in the accomplishment of local government objectives. SPD policy defines a “use of force” as an application of physical force, OC spray, impact weapon, taser or means of potentially deadly force in performance of an officer’s duty.
During 2017, there were a total of 97 use of force incidents that involved 135 applications of force by individual officers. Multiple incidents involved either application of force by more than one officer, or a single officer applying more than one type of force to take a resisting arrestee into custody – for example, use of physical force in conjunction with use of a taser or of OC spray.
Every incident in which force is used by an SPD officer is investigated and documented by supervisory staff members. Use of force investigation is reviewed by the involved officer’s entire chain of command.
During 2017, LPD officers utilized force in a total of 97 out of 2,850 total arrest situations: this equates to officers using force in approximately 3.4% of all arrest situations. Viewed within the context of annual calls for service, officers utilized force in only 62 of 37,880 service call interactions with members of the public: this equates to use of force in only .2% (less than one percent) of these contacts. 2017 figures are slightly higher than historical use of force data.
Sworn Positions in SPD
Actual Strength 2017
Master Police Officer
2017 Average Years of Police Service by Rank in SPD
Chief of Police
Chief Aide – Captain
Deputy Chief Uniform Division
Deputy Chief Investigative Division
Deputy Chief Support Division
Captain Patrol North
Captain Patrol South
Captain Investigative Division
Captain Interal Affairs
Lieutenant Property and Evidence
Lieutenant Fleet Maintenance
2012 Property Crime 850 2013 Property Crime 625 2014 Property Crime 550 2015 Property Crime 625 2016 Property Crime 690 2017 Property Crime 755
2012 Drug Crimes 750 2013 Drug Crimes 775 2014 Drug Crimes 860 2015 Drug Crimes 945 2016 Drug Crimes 1010 2017 Drug Crimes 1025
Total Arrests (2008 to 2017)
2008 Total Arrests 3500 2009 Total Arrests 3680 2010 Total Arrests 4250 2011 Total Arrests 4300 2012 Total Arrests 4650 2013 Total Arrests 4000 2014 Total Arrests 3500 2015 Total Arrests 3350 2016 Total Arrests 3200 2017 Total Arrests 2850
Call for Service 2008 to 2017
2008 Calls for Service 35655 2009 Calls for Service 37072 2010 Calls for Service 31730 2011 Calls for Service 30750 2012 Calls for Service 29990 2013 Calls for Service 32345 2014 Calls for Service 35550 2015 Calls for Service 36345 2016 Calls for Service 37200 2017 Calls for Service 37880
Case Clearance Rate All Crimes
2008 Clearance Rate 0.41 2009 Clearance Rate 0.41499999999999998 2010 Clearance Rate 0.38 2011 Clearance Rate 0.44 2012 Clearance Rate 0.45 2013 Clearance Rate 0.48 2014 Clearance Rate 0.46 2015 Clearance Rate 0.43 2016 Clearance Rate 0.41 2017 Clearance Rate 0.36
Series 1 Chief Deputy Chief Captain Lieutenant Sergeant Master Police Officer Officer 38 34 28 14 7 6 2.5
Total Group A Crime
2012 Group A Total (per thousand) 6057 2013 Group A Total (per thousand) 5700 2014 Group A Total (per thousand) 4950 2015 Group A Total (per thousand) 5000 2016 Group A Total (per thousand) 6100 2017 Group A Total (per thousand) 6350
2012 Violent Crime 1600 2013 Violent Crime 1400 2014 Violent Crime 1410 2015 Violent Crime 1570 2016 Violent Crime 1700 2017 Violent Crime 1780
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